eaten on Shabbat and Jewish holidays (except Passover, when leavened bread is not allowed).
On Shabbat every Jew is commanded to eat three meals (one on friday night and two on Saturday). According to Judaism, one is only considered one who consumed a meal if he ate bread. Since of the three meal mandate Jews will traditionaly eat a Challah before they eat their Shabbat meal. Like with any other type of bread, the blessing "Baruch atah Adonai, eloheinu melech ha'olam, hamotzi lechem min ha'aretz." is recited. Translated it means "Blessed ar You, Lord, our God, King of the Universe, Who brings forth bread from the earth."
The dough is made with an especially large number of eggs, and sweetened with honey. The dough is traditionally cut into three rope-shaped pieces and then braided together before baking. An egg wash is applied to the dough to give a golden color after being baked. Poppy or sesame seeds are sprinkled on the bread before baking; the seeds represent manna that God gave to the Israelites to eat while they wandered in the desert.
On , the Jewish new year, raisins are added to the dough and the Challah is braided into a special crown shape, representing God's crown.
The name refers to a small piece of dough which is reserved and baked separatedly. This piece is then burned and thrown away after a special prayer is said. This represents the destruction of the Jewish temple.
Candle Lighting Blessing
Without food we can't live. We all have heard the famous line, "Man does not live by bread....". What does it mean? The verse comes from and is a reference to the miraculous manna, which fell from heaven daily during the Jewish people's sojourn in the wilderness. The conclusion of the verse is that "rather, by the utterance of God's mouth does man live." Thus, it is reminding us about the true source of human sustenance. What makes something kosher and what is the spiritual meaning kabbalahistic.