3. If part of the esrog's skin came off, or if it is dry, rotten, or punctured, it is not valid. If there are spots or
blemishes that do not come off when a gentle rubbing, then it should be shown to a Rabbinic authority.
4. An esrog must be a pure bred, and not grafted from different species.
5. An esrog can be quite large in size, but it should not be smaller than an average egg.
The Festival of begins on Tishri 15, the fifth day after Yom Kippur. It is quite a drastic transition,
from one of the most solemn holidays in our year to one of the most joyous.
This festival is sometimes referred to as Zeman Simkhateinu, the Season of our Rejoicing. lasts for seven
days. The two days following the festival are separate holidays, Shemini Atzeret and Simkhat Torah, but are
commonly thought of as part of Sukkot.
The word "" means "booths," and refers to the temporary dwellings that we are commanded to live in
during this holiday. The name of the holiday is frequently translated "The Feast of Tabernacles," which, like
many translations of technical Jewish terms, isn't terribly useful unless you already know what the term is
referring to. The Hebrew pronunciation of is "Sue COAT," but is often pronounced as in Yiddish, to rhyme
with "BOOK us."
Each day of Succos we take the Lulav and Esrog and wave it gently in every direction; right, left, forward, up,
down, and to the rear, to show that Hashem is truly everywhere.
The Blessing on the Lulav
Take the Lulav in your right hand and say the blessing:
Boruch Atoh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Melech Ho-olom Asher Kid’shonu
B’mitzvoisov V’tzivonu Al Netilas Lulov.
The first time you do this, also say the blessing “Sheh-heh-che-yonu:”
Boruch Atoh Ado-noi E-lo-hei-nu Melech Ho-olom Sheh-heh-che-yonu
V’kee-monu V’hi-gi-onu Lizman Hazeh.
During the morning service, we take the Lulav and Esrog and hold them during the Hallel prayer, waving them at
certain points. Then we take out a Sefer torah and stand with it in the center of the synagogue (on the Bima),
and circle it, holding our Lulav, as we recite a special prayer for blessing in the coming year. This is called