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Judaism --> Ten Plagues

Ten Plagues - Another consequence of the plague was the proven superiority of God over the Egyptian deities ("nature gods"). Although some have advanced theories as to which god was affected by which plague, this is only scantily supported by Midrashic sources, and these attempts have generally produced widely divergent results.

Some authorities say that the teaching purpose of the plagues is to demonstrate the powerlessness of Egypt's idols, affirming God's uniqueness and power. If God triumphed over the gods of Egypt, a world-leading nation, then the people of God would be strengthened in their faith although they are a small people, and would not be tempted to follow the deities that God put to shame.

Dam - Blood

 Blood Blood
(7:19 - 7:25)

Shchin - Boils

(9:8 - 9:12)

 דם The first plague was blood. Its main purpose was to give Pharaoh a taste of God's might and strength, and to demonstrate Moses's confidence in God. According to the Hebrew Bible, Moses touched the river Nile with his staff, and all the water turned into blood. As a result, the fish of the Nile died, and Egypt was filled with stench. Other water resources used by the Egyptians were turned to blood as well (7:19). This plague lasted for seven days.
שחין The sixth plague of Egypt was Shkhin. The Shkhin was a kind of skin disease, known as boils. The Hartum priests of Egypt could not heal this disease.

Tzefardea - Frogs

 Frogs (7:26 - 8:11)

Barad - Hail mixed with Fire

Hail mixed with Fire (9:13 - 9:25)

 צפרדע The second plague of Egypt was frogs. Herds of frogs overran Egypt and forced Pharaoh to call upon Moses, to ask him to remove the frogs. Moses agreed and told him that the next day the frogs would be gone, as proof of God's might. The next day all the frogs in the Egyptian courts and houses died. Nevertheless, Pharaoh refused to let the Hebrews worship their God in the desert, according to the biblical account.
 ברדThe seventh plague of Egypt was a destructive storm. The storm was a powerful shower of hail, combined with fire burning onto the ground. The storm heavily damaged Egyptian shrubbery and crops, as well as men and livestock. The storm struck all Egypt, except for the land of Goshen. Pharaoh asked Moses to remove this plague and promised to allow the Hebrews to worship God in the desert, saying "I have sinned: God is rightous, I and my people are evil". However, after the storm ceased, Pharaoh "hardened his heart" and refused to keep his promise.

Kinim - Lice
Fleas or Lice
(8:12 - 8:15)

Arbeh- Locusts

(10:1 - 10:20)

 כינים The third plague of Egypt was fleas. According to the Bible, the dust of the earth became many fleas which the Egyptians could not get rid of.
ארבה The eighth plague of Egypt was locusts. The locusts swarmed Egypt and consumed all Egyptian crops, leaving no tree or plant standing on the face of Egypt. The swarm of locusts covered the sky and created darkness in Egypt. After Moses' threats and Egyptian pleas Pharaoh agreed to let only Hebrew men to go out to the desert, while women, children and livestock are to remain in Egypt. Moses demanded that all shall go, and when Pharaoh refused, this plague struck Egypt. Pharaoh again asked Moses to remove this plague and promised to allow all the Hebrews to worship God in the desert. However, after the locusts went away, Pharaoh "hardened his heart" and refused to keep his promise.

Arov - Beasts
Beasts or Flies (8:16 - 8:28) Choshech- Darkness
(10:21 - 10:29)
ערוב The fourth plague of Egypt was Arov. Commentaries usually render this word as flies, but others as beasts, capable of harming people and livestock. The Bible emphasizes that the arov only came against Egypt, and that the Land of Goshen (where the Hebrews dwelt) was clean from it. Pharaoh asked Moses to remove this plague and promised to allow the Hebrews to worship God in the desert. However, after the plague was gone, Pharaoh "hardened his heart" and refused to keep his promise...
חושך The ninth plague of Egypt was complete darkness, lasting for three days. Pharaoh called upon Moses, agreeing to let the Hebrews go out to the desert, but leaving their livestock in Egypt. Moses refused this condition, and in addition required that Pharaoh would donate a sacrifice. This outraged Pharaoh, and he threatened Moses in death.

Dever - Pestilence
(9:1 - 9:7)

Bechoros - Death of Firstborn

Death of Firstborn (11:1 - 12:42)
 דבר The fifth plague of Egypt was a disease which exterminated the Egyptian livestock; that is, horses, donkeys, camels, cattle, sheep and goats. The Hebrew cattle were unharmed.
מכת בכורות The tenth and final plague of Egypt was the death of all Egyptian first born - from the king's first born to the widow's first born, including first born of livestock. This was the hardest and cruelest blow upon Egypt and the plague that finally convinced Pharaoh to submit, and let the Hebrews go.

God told Moses that this plague would cause Pharaoh to send the Hebrews away, and ordered him to prepare the people for leaving. He also ordered Moses to teach the ritual of Pesah sacrificng a lamb for God, and eating Matzot ("Poor's Bread" לחם עוני). God told Moses to order the Hebrews to mark their doorstep with the lamb's blood, in order that the plague of death would pass over them.

In the middle of the night, God himself (in the form of the angel of death) came upon Egypt and took the life of all the Egyptian first born sons, including Pharaoh's own. There was a great cry in Egypt, such as had never been heard before. No Hebrew first born was killed, as God passed over Hebrew houses.

After this, Pharaoh, furious and sad, ordered the Hebrews to go away, taking whatever they want. The Hebrews don't hesitate; and at the end of that night Moses led them out of Egypt.

What is a Passover Seder?

Jewish Secular Calendar Starting after sunset Ending before sunset
5765 23 April 2005 1 May 2005
5766 12 April 2006 20 April 2006
5767 2 April 2007 10 April 2007
5768 19 April 2008 27 April 2008




also see:

A Passover Thought

How to prepare for Passover
Prepare a Seder Plate
What is Matzah?
What is Passover?
What is a Passover Seder?


Names -Jewish Months

What is Shabbos / Shabbat ?
What is Rosh HaShanah ?
What is Yom Kippur ?
What is Sukkot ?
What is Chanukah?
What is Purim ?
What is Passover ?

What is Shavuot?




Basic Judaism - Spreading Torah at the Speed of Light

Jan 1, 2008